More than tall buildings and the modern civilization, Singapore’s charm and appeal can be attributed to its flowers. There are many flowers here but the Vanda Miss Joaquim will always command attention because of its beauty and vibrancy. Vanda Miss Joaquim is an orchid hybrid and it is considered as Singapore’s national flower.


In case you do not know, Singapore has many interesting species of orchids. In fact, there is a new hybrid named after United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO). The orchid is named Dendrobium UNESCO.

If you are interested in native orchids, here are some that you can consider:

  • Den crumenatum – This orchid is often referred as a pigeon orchid. This orchid is a common sight here. Nine days after heavy rainstorm, you will see the blossoming of this flower.
  • Dendrobium leonis – This orchid is small. Its bloom is about 1.5 cm but it is famous because of its sweet scent. You can smell its scent from a distance of 5m.
  • Dendrobium secundum – This orchid is extinct. Its characteristic is the leafless steam which presents many flower inflorescences.



  • Bulbophyllum vaginatum – This orchid is often seen covering the branches of Rain Trees. If it is in full bloom, they present a spectacular sight.
  • Bulbophyllum membranaceum – This orchid is one of the smallest native orchids here.
  • Eria javanica: This orchid is a pleasant sight to marvel because of its blooming in large bundles. It also releases light fragrance.
  • Arundina gramminifolia – If you pass Bukit Timah Nature Reserve, you will see beautiful orchids. They are arundina gramminifolia.
  • Grammatophyllum speciosum – This orchid is also called Tiger Orchid. It is also touted as the world’s largest orchid plant because of its weight.