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5 Helpful Tips for Looking After Your Baby’s Dental Health

Your little angel’s first set of teeth plays a crucial role in his growth and development. They serve as placeholders for their permanent teeth and also important for eating and speaking clearly. That is why caring for your baby’s dental health and keeping them decay-free should be every mother’s priority.

1. Brush your baby’s teeth every single day
It may be a hassle to brush your baby’s teeth, because more often than not they will resist and even throw tantrums on you. However, just like adult’s teeth, baby’s teeth require regular brushing. Use a baby finger toothbrush for easier cleaning and fluoride toothpaste that tastes fruity and sweet.

2. Avoid acidic food
Citrus fruits like oranges and lemons can be great sources of vitamin c, but they can also wreak havoc to your baby’s teeth. Other than the citrus, fruits in general have more acid content than vegetables, so try introducing vegetable based meals to your baby instead.

Additional tip: If you happen to add something acidic to your infant’s meal, brush their teeth before instead of after eating. The tooth enamel becomes temporarily softer after consuming acidic food, thus posing risks to teeth when you brush them immediately after eating.

3. Minimize Sugary Treats
Occasional candy treats won’t hurt, but too much can lead to tooth decay. It’s important to check the sugar content of any product when buying sweet treats. This way, you’ll be able to compare which one have lesser sugar content and is safe for your baby’s dental heath. However, we still advise to stick to natural sugars (if you must buy sweets) instead of opting for foods with high artificial sugar content.

4. Encourage chewing by introducing solids
Even if you can’t see any tooth yet, incorporate soft solids into your baby’s diet to encourage chewing. Start with soft chunks of veggies to prepare your baby for slightly firmer foods before moving onto solid foods once they are comfortable with chewing.

5. Have regular dental visits
Not only you are keeping your little one’s teeth strong and healthy, but you are getting your baby used to dentist environment. Regular dental check-ups from a very young age will benefit your child a lot. With being familiar of a dental clinic’s environment, your child will grow up not scared of the dentist.

After weeks of drooling and fussing, you finally noticed a little tooth popping out of the gums. Make sure to take good care of it from day one to encourage healthy development of your baby’s dental health.


What Do You Need to Do to Register Your Trademark?

Do you need help to protect your brand from impostors and copycats? Or do you want to prevent your company from infringing on a trademark? There are a lot of benefits to a registered logo or name, but the process can be tedious for entrepreneurs who are still new to the business. However, it is important to register trademark as early as possible to enjoy the protection of intellectual property laws.

Designating a Country (Madrid Protocol)

For international establishments that wish to protect their trademark here in the country, Singapore can be designated for international registration. This means that your trademark must already be a registered mark in the country or territory of origin before you can designate another country. The application is facilitated by the WIPO, and the documents will be submitted to and examined by IPOS. The entire process takes about 9 months if there are no objections.

Once the examination is done, the trademark will be published in the Trade Marks Journal so that the public can inspect it for two months. If there are objections during the examination, you can still create a TM by presenting all the requirements or giving the appropriate response within four months.

If there are no objections during the publication, the owner will be granted the certificate or Statement of Grant of Protection by IPOS, which is valid for 10 years. To enjoy the continuous protection of your trademark, you should renew the trademark registration before the validity ends.

Registration in the Country

When planning for trademark application, there’s a list of requirements you need to secure. Important documents to file your product name in Singapore TM registry include the following: name and address of the owner, graphical representation of the mark, list and classes of goods and/or services, declaration of the intent to use the trademark, and application fees.

Next, IPOS will examine and perform a trade mark search before a logo or brand name can be published in the Trade Marks Journal. For amendments in the trademark application, you will need to submit and fill out forms and pay the necessary fees and bureau charges. If there are no objections to the publication within two months, the owner will be issued a Registration Certificate valid for 10 years.

Registration Outside the Country

For companies in Singapore that want to register trademark in other territories, they must first register their TM at IPOS. This means that the mark must already have been granted the Registration Certificate.

To apply for intellectual property protection outside the country, you should file an international application via Madrid Protocol at IPOS. You will need to pay the administrative and WIPO fees, too. Next, the brand is reviewed by IPOS and then examined by WIPO’s International Bureau. If there are missing requirements, the owner will be given a deadline to submit them or to make amendments for the application.

If the requirements are complete, the trademark is published in the WIPO Gazette, a brand name registry, for public examination, and the owner will be given an international registration number. If there are objections or irregularities in the brand name recording, the owner will also be given a grace period to respond accordingly. How much the cost of filing a trademark varies from country to country.

Finally, the International Bureau will send the trademark registration to the designated country for another examination. If approved, the brand can enjoy the maximum protection and benefits in the designated country.


A Beginner’s Guide to the Different Archery Equipment

Archery as a sport has been around for the longest time, and is becoming increasingly popular in Singapore. The beauty of archery is in its simplicity in terms of equipment: bow, arrow, and target. Once you have all three, it’s really up to your technique and how frequently you practice.

If you’re only starting out in archery, it’s important to know and understand the different kinds of equipment and what makes them. Read on to find out more.

The concept of the bow is universal – the frame has to be elastic enough to support the strain from the energy exerted by the drawstring and return to its original form.

Though the earliest bows were made of wood, today’s bows can be made of different types of materials, as well as different parts. These are the following:

• Stabilizers – They stabilize and balance the bow when raised
• Grip – The handle is covered in tennis grip material to stop it from slipping
• Risers – This is the bow handle and the foundation that supports the whole bow
• Dampener – Once the arrow is released, this part minimizes the resulting vibration
• Limb – This is the part from the handle to the tip where the string is knotted.
• Clicker – This helps the archer to release at the same spot where he/she drew.

Choosing the kind of bow that you want to use is a very personal choice, but it is an important one. The kind of bow that you’re comfortable with can greatly improve your aim as well as your accuracy.

The arrow is more than a pointed stick with feathers at the end – it has to be at the right weight as well as aerodynamic in order to minimize drag. It’s also composed of different parts:
• Pile – This is the arrowhead, which penetrates the target. In modern times, the pile is shaped like a bullet.
• Nock – This is the arrow’s “butt”, which is the attachment on its rear that holds it in place in the bowstring when drawn.
• Fletching – The feathers attached to the arrow, whether real or fake, help to stabilize it during flight, and must be consistent in their color pattern.
• Shaft – The arrow’s body connects the pile to the nock, and can be made out of any substance. In modern archery, the shaft is marked with the archer’s initials to make it easier to identify who it belongs to.

The Target
This is situated seventy meters away from the archer with an incline of seventy-five to eighty degrees when following competitive archery standards.

The target’s total diameter is 122 centimeters and is divided into ten equal rings, each one measuring 12.2 centimeters, with five different colors: white, black, light blue, red, and yellow.


The Pros and Cons of Flooring for Your Home

When choosing to renovate your home, an important thing to think about is the flooring. Different types of flooring have different pros and cons, and can be a difficult task if you’re looking to do them yourself.

For instance, though one type of flooring can be easier to install, that same type of flooring may be more difficult to clean. Another type of flooring can be both easy to install and clean, but may be more expensive than one that isn’t. Here are some of the different types of flooring to get you started:

1. Ceramic Tiles
Tiles have been used for a long time in a lot of homes, and they’ve become a go-to for a reason.
Ceramic tiles are strong, durable, and come in a wide variety of shades and colors that you can even mix and match to go along with the desired paint color or wallpaper for your walls. They are also easy to clean and sterilize, especially if you have small children.

One disadvantage that they have is that everything brittle, such as glass, tends to break when dropped on them. They are also difficult to install.

2. Wood Tiles
While ceramic tiles have been used for a long time, floating wood tiles have only come to use in households recently.

They do have the advantage of being easier to install, being stain-resistant, and much easier to clean. However, they are made of laminated wood strips, and thus can show scuff marks as well as being really slippery when wet.

3. Hardwood
They may not be made of laminated wood, but are instead strips fashioned from actual wood trunks. Common hardwoods used for flooring include hickory, maple, and oak.

Though hardwood floors are extremely durable, can be sanded many times throughout their lifetime, and don’t retain heat easily (great for keeping cool in Singapore’s humid climate), they are really difficult and labor-intensive when it comes to installation.

4. Vinyl
Vinyl is a fully synthetic polymer flooring that’s flexible and non-porous. Not only is it durable and easy to install, but it can be glued or even nailed to the floor. It’s also stain-resistant and easy to clean.

However, though cheap, vinyl flooring can actually be pretty dangerous. The process used to make vinyl tiles emits VOCs into the atmosphere as a by-product, and because sharp objects can damage this material, is really hard to repair, and sections are often entirely replaced when damaged.


The Best Science Fiction Anime for Beginners

Most of the famous anime series are usually about romance and adventure, but there are also gems in the science fiction genre that every anime fan should try.

These are the best titles for beginners in science fiction anime.

Zankyou no Terror (2014)
After an attack at a nuclear facility left the authorities baffled, a strange video of two men appeared and challenged the police to solve puzzles before acts of terrorism can be performed. However, it seems that the acts are not simply about terrorism, because the two young men are motivated by their traumatic experiences.

Cowboy Bebop (1998)
Considered a classic, the series is not only about a group of people who came together because of a hostile world. It also features the most important concepts explored in most science fiction works.

No.6 (2011)
This dystopian series explores the ideas of friendship between an educated, privileged boy who meets a skillful outlaw. Shion is about to learn the dark history of the city he has been calling home.

Psycho-Pass (2014)
Imagine a world where criminals can be identified by just simply assessing the mental state using a high-tech pistol. In a world where it’s easy to pass judgment using tools that are supposedly accurate, an unusual criminal will challenge the system and makes the enforcers question their reliance on technology.

Neon Genesis Evangelion (1995)
This apocalyptic series features a different Tokyo trying to survive attacks from creatures named angels. Viewers will notice the use of symbols from Judeo-Christian beliefs and a different take on the mecha genre.

Steins;Gate (2011)
When a group of friends discover a way to travel through time, they use the opportunity to send warnings to influence present events. However, simply influencing the events does not always guarantee the best outcome.

Ghost in the Shell: Stand Alone Complex (2002)
Set in a world where cyborgs are common, the story focuses on a special task force assigned to track and solve crimes, specifically incidents involving a prolific hacker and a terrorist.

Fractale (2011)
The name Fractale is used on an A.I. that was set up to guide humanity into happiness and prosperity, but like any sophisticated virtual reality system, there are imperfections that cannot simply be ignored.

Persona 4: The Animation (2011)
Based on the popular video game, the anime features Yu Narukami and friends who are learning to control their powers to save people from a mysterious series of deaths.

Texhnolyze (2003)
In an underground city called Lux, three groups are trying to take control through a series of conflicts threatening to destroy the place. During it all, an orphan and a young prophet try to reveal the secrets of the city to save it from destruction.

Last Exile (2003)
In a world torn by an unending conflict between two nations, three friends set out on a mission to try to reconcile the two factions to bring peace at last.

This list is compiled in no particular order.


4 Tips for a Better Night’s Rest

According to a poll by SingHealth, 4 in 10 Singaporeans are sleep deprived, which means that on a weekday, they sleep less than the recommended hours of sleep (7 hours). But we all know that sleep deprivation has a lot of ill-effects on your health. Some of these problems include lowering your ability to concentrate, a weakened immune system, plus a host of complications like diabetes and weight gain. But getting better sleep isn’t too hard. Here are a few tips and tricks to beat sleep deprivation.

1. Dim your room
One of the biggest obstacles against a good’s night rest is bright lights. Early humans never had to deal with artificial lighting and went to sleep when the sun did. Eventually, we developed what scientists call the circadian rhythm, an internal clock that tells us when to sleep and when to wake up. However, in our modern world, our bright, artificial lights disrupt our circadian rhythm. If you want to sleep better, you would need to avoid artificial lighting, from light bulbs to electronics.

If you really need to use your electronics before going to bed, there are apps that can dim your phone or tablet so that it doesn’t disrupt your circadian rhythm as much. However, it’s always a good idea to go to sleep without bright lights and electronics to get your body back to its proper circadian rhythm.

2. Keep your room cool
Aside from a dim room, another thing you should make sure of is to keep our room cool. According to studies, optimal temperatures for sleep are at 20 or 21 degrees Celsius. If you don’t have air conditioning, there are other things you could do to cool down your room. For example, open the windows of your room, or use sheets that are light and breathable.

3. Avoid caffeine
Everyone knows that you should avoid caffeine before going to sleep, but not everyone puts this knowledge to practice. Studies have shown that caffeine can affect your sleep even six hours after consumption, so avoid consuming caffeine late in the afternoon. Also remember that there are other sources of caffeine that you probably aren’t aware of, like tea, chocolate, and soda. To stay on the safe side, check the labels of your food when eating anything before bed.

4. Create an evening ritual
All of us have an evening routine, but not everyone has an evening ritual. Our routines usually consist of brushing our teeth, turning off the lights, and falling asleep (after few minutes—or hours– of tossing and turning). But what separates routines from rituals is the intention behind it; rituals make going to bed a thing that you can look forward to. A good ritual can include seemingly unnecessary things like a short walk, drinking a cup of caffeine-free tea, or a few minutes with a paperback, that can make going to bed an enjoyable experience.


How to Clean Wallpaper

Wallpaper is a cheaper alternative to wall paint, although cleaning and maintenance is more difficult because it tends to absorb the dust, dirt, and stains in your home. So, how do you go about keeping it clean for many years?

Vacuum or Wipe Regularly
The simplest method to keep your wallpaper in great condition is to vacuum it regularly. If it is a textured or flocked wallpaper, use a soft brush attachment on your vacuum cleaner. Start from the top and work your way down one panel at a time. If the wallpaper is non-textured or flat, you can use a microfiber cloth attached to a sweeper.

Do Not Use Water
No matter what type of stain you need to remove, you should not use water to clean your wallpaper unless it’s a washable type. Neither should you scrub wallpaper because it could come off. There is a special cleaning chemical made for such a task called a wallpaper dough, which is commonly sold at DIY, hardware, and home décor stores in Singapore. Just roll and knead a handful of the dough over the stain to lift it.

Test Washable Wallpaper
If the manufacturer said that the wallpaper is washable, you should test a cleaning chemical first on an inconspicuous part before using the product. Dab a dampened cloth on a small area and observe if it absorbs water, runs, or changes color. If it does, then it means the wallpaper should not be washed.

Wipe Off Grease and Steam
Some parts of the house, like the kitchen, are exposed to grease and steam. Although a scheduled light washing every few months will remove most of the stain, you should make it a habit to wipe off heavily exposed wallpaper regularly with slightly dampened sponge in a water and dishwashing liquid mixture. Make sure that the sponge isn’t overly soaked then pat-dry the wallpaper surface with a clean towel. You can also install a waterproof sheet made for protecting wallpaper from grease and steam.

Vinyl Wallpaper Can Be Washed
There is only one type of wallpaper that can be safely washed with water, but you should avoid soaking the cleaning rag or sponge because the water can still get through the cracks and edges. Moisten the rag or sponge and do not apply a lot of pressure when wiping the wallpaper. Don’t forget to rinse then pat-dry the walls after cleaning with lukewarm water.

Some Stains Are Tough
For stains that cannot be removed with spot-treatment using wallpaper dough, press an absorbent cloth or paper towel against the stain, then iron the cloth or paper towel set at very low heat. The heat will eventually loosen the stain and transfer it to the cloth or paper towel.